Institute of Animal Science (IAS) is the leading research institution in the field of animal husbandry and animal biotechnology in the Czech Republic. The Institute is managed by the director, the Scientific Board and the Board of Trustees. Since its foundation in 1951, the IAS activities have been aimed at animal genetics and breeding, animal nutrition, quality of animal products, reproduction, farming technology, ethology and herd management. The IAS has close contacts with partner research institutes, universities, breeders associations and the Academy of Science of the Czech Republic. Charged by the Ministry of Agriculture, the IAS represents the Czech Republic in the European Association for Animal Production.
There are nine research groups in the IAS:
- Genetics and breeding of farm animals
- Biology of reproduction
- Cattle breeding
- Molecular genetics
- Nutrition and feeding of farm animals
- Technology and breeding technique of farm animals
- Physiology of nutrition and products quality
- Pig breeding
The work of the Laboratory of Physiology of Nutrition and Products Quality has been focused on research in the field of microbiology, enzymology and molecular biology of the animal digestive tract. Current work of the Laboratory concentrates on the metabolism of intestinal bacteria, feed-borne enteropathogens, antimicrobial activity of organic acids, on the use of prebiotics in rabbits, and on mineral metabolism of poultry. Rat experiments intended to evaluate the lipid-lowering effect of modified polysaccharides should be mentioned as well. In addition, various specific studies supported by grant agencies have been undertaken. The food quality and safety is now a high priority. Our contribution to this is the research of alternatives to banned in-feed antibiotics. Particular emphasis has been placed on research of feed supplements capable to improve the nutritional value and oxidative stability of meat and eggs, e.g. lipid supplements, selenium and antioxidants.
Scientist involved in COST Action: Milan Marounek